From 1870-82, he worked at odd jobs in NYC until at age 30 he became dedicated to painting. He became known for his landscapes painted around his home in Cornwall, CT, which were admired for their meditative qualities, capturing the atmospheric effects of dawn and sunset, moonlight and twilight, French critics compared him to Cazin. He was also a critic, writing for The New York Evening Post and The Nation
His work is in the J. Paul Getty Museum, The Muse’e d’ Orsay, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, National Gallery, Smithsonian Institution and numerous public and private collections.
Studied: with A. H. Thayer, c.1882; Luc Olivier Merson and Aime Morot in Paris, 1886-87. Member; ANA, 1901; NA, 1904; SAA, 1897;NYWCC; AWCS; Century Assoc.; Calif. AC; Nat. Inst. AL; Lotos Club; SC; NAC; Soc. of Men Who Paint the Far West.
Exhibited; Brooklyn A1A, 1880-86,1891; Boston AC, 1884-1904; AIC; Paris Salon, 1887; PAPA, 1892-1908,1916, 1921-26; Columbian Expo, Chicago, 1893 (medal); Cleveland, 1895 (prize); Paris Expo, 1900 (bronze medal); CT, 1900 (silver medal); Pan-Am. Expo, Buffalo, 1901 (medal); SAA, 1901 (prize); St. Louis Expo,1904 (med); NAD, 1884-95; 1906 (Carnegie Prize, prize), 1908 (Inness gold medal), 1909 (gold), Webb Prize, 1917 (prize), 1917 (Altaian Prize); Corcoran Gal., 1907-23; NAC, 1917 (gold medal); Newport AA, 1926 (People's Prize). Work; CGA; TMA; Luxembourg Mus., Paris,. NGA; PAPA; Brooklyn Inst. Mus.; Public Gallery, Richmond, IN; MMA; AIC; CI; Butler Art Inst.; Hamson Gallery, Los Angeles Mus.; Montreal Art Assoc.; City Art Mus., St. Louis, Mo; Omaha Soc. PA; Grand Rapids; Albright Gallery. Buffalo; Memorial Gallery, Rochester, NY.